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amaryllidaceae lower classifications

The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis and is commonly known as the amaryllis family. Links . The leaves are simple rather fleshy and two-ranked with parallel veins. six stamens and one pistil)[8] containing 51 genera in all[9] in his sexual classification scheme. Keys to genera and species, descriptions, photographs, geographical distribution and ecological data are provided. They have analgesic, antiviral, anti-malarial, antineoplastic properties and display effects on the CNS. Oreille … A robust generic classification for Amaryllidaceae has remained elusive mainly due to the lack of unequivocal diagnostic characters, a consequence of highly canalized variation and a deeply reticulated evolutionary history. Stamens exserted from perianth; anthers 6 mm long. The petals and sepals are undifferentiated as tepals, which may be fused at the base into a floral tube. In his first taxonomic work, An Introduction to the Natural System of Botany (1830)[23] he partly followed De Jussieu by describing a subclass he called 'Endogenae, or Monocotyledonous Plants' (preserving de Candolle's Endogenæ phanerogamæ)[24] divided into two tribes, the Petaloidea and Glumaceae. Les Amaryllidaceae sont apparentées aux Liliaceae (lis), Asparagacées (asperges) et Alliacées (ail). Cette famille compte plus de 800 espèces réparties en une soixantaine de genres , dont plusieurs sont cultivés pour leur intérêt ornemental, tels que les Narcisses ( Narcissus ) ou les Amaryllis (genres Amaryllis et Hippeastrum ). Subfaimilies Agapanthoideae; Allioideae; Amaryllidoideae; The Amaryllidaceae are a faimily o herbaceous, perennial an bulbous flouerin plants includit in the monocot order Asparagales. Character-state mapping was used to infer a center of ... (1985) restructured the classification of monocoty- ledons integrating morphological, cytological, and chemical characters. [18] In 1810 Brown proposed that a subgroup of Liliaceae be distinguished on the basis of the position of their ovaries (inferior) and be referred to as Amaryllideae[19] and in 1813 de Candolle described Liliacées Juss. [16][17] In creating his scheme, De Jussieu used a modified form of Linnaeus' sexual classification, but with the respective topography of stamens to carpels rather than just their numbers. Purdue system wide search. Under this proposal, the three families became reduced to subfamilies (and by extension the subfamilies of Alliaceae s.s. being reduced to tribes.) The most recent APG classification, APG III, takes a broad view of the Amaryllidaceae, which then has three subfamilies, one of which is Amaryllidoideae, and the others are Allioideae and Agapanthoideae. This leads to discussions of, for instance American Amaryllidaceae. Hickey and King described ten tribes by which the family were divided, such as the Zephyrantheae. Similarly within the Andean clade Eustephieae appeared as sister to the remaining clade, including Hymenocallideae. Narcisse des poètes (Narcissus poeticus) cultivé 5. Amaryllis belladonna 2. The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales. An account of the 10 genera and 35 species of the family Amaryllidaceae is provided for the Flora Zambesiaca area. 259–260; Liliaceae p. 279, Order XLVI Amaryllidaceae—Amaryllids pp. This may be reduced to a mere disc in some species. Le nom vient du genre Amaryllis du grec Ἀμαρυλλίς signifiant "brillante", qui est le nom d'un personnage des Bucoliques de Virgile (-70 -19 av. [35], The number of known genera within these families continued to grow, and by the time of the Bentham and Hooker classification (1883), the Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllideae) were divided into four tribes, of which only one (Amarylleae) is still included. Find Info For . He doubted Brown's dictum that the position of the ovary was the distinguishing feature that separated Amaryllidaceae and Liliaceae. Current Students; Prospective Students; Alumni & Friends Amaryllidaceae. pp. Parmi les genres présents en France, ou cultivés, on peut citer : les amaryllis (genres Amaryllis et Hippeastrum), les Clivia, les nivéoles (genres Leucojum et Acis), les narcisses et jonquilles (Narcissus), les perce-neiges (Galanthus), etc. Amaryllidaceae. Les noms des personnages, +liste des genres contenant des synonymes, Site de référence pour les Amaryllidaceae, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaryllidaceae&oldid=176658937, Taxobox utilisant la classification de Cronquist, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. 732–734, Alan Meerow and Deirdré Snijman. Since 2009, a very broad view has prevailed based on phylogenetics, and including a number of other former families. Taxonomy and Phylogeny. Les Amaryllidacées sont distribuée… Select; Type. Allyl sulfidecompo… De même, les Agavacéessont parfois incluses dans cette famille. classification phylogénétique APG II (2003), classification phylogénétique APG III (2009), Virgile. Les Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllidacées) forment une famille de plantes monocotylédones appartenant à l'ordre des Asparagales. The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales.The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis and is commonly known as the amaryllis family. Classification Browse Images ... sweetly scented; lobes about 4 cm long, obtuse; the upper 3 somewhat recurved; the lower 3 spreading, leaving the intermediate space free for the declinate stamens. A few species have white flowers. In this paper, we follow their classification in … 83–110, Chapter 2. Over the course of time, widely differing views as to the limits of the family have been expressed, so much of the literature dealing with this family requires careful inspection to determine which sense of the Amaryllidaceae the work treats. Quite the same Wikipedia. [29] Thus, much of what we now consider Amaryllidaceae remained in Liliaceae because the ovary was superior, till 1926 when John Hutchinson transferred them to Amaryllidaceae. English Articles Size. Les genres Agapanthus, Galanthus entre autres. What Our Customers Are Saying. When family Alliaceae was reduced to subfamily Allioideae, they were reduced to tribes, namely Allieae, Tulbaghieae and Gilliesieae (see Cladogram II). Christmas Moss. The tepals are similar in shape and size, and may be free from each other or fused at the base (connate) to form a floral tube (hypanthium). pH: 6-7.5. Historically a wide variety of infrafamilial classification systems have been proposed for the Amaryllidaceae. [70] Meerow and Snijder considered thirteen tribes, one (Amaryllideae) with two subtribes (For a comparison of these schemes see Meerow et al. Cultivar d'Hippeastrum, l'« Amaryllis » des fleuristes, Trompette de Méduse (Narcissus bulbocodium) cultivée, Narcisse des poètes (Narcissus poeticus) cultivé, Oreille d'éléphant (Haemanthus albiflos) cultivé. The Eurasian clade was poorly resolved with the exception of Lycorideae (Central and East Asian). English Articles. [10] RAther Amaryllidaceae resolved along biogeographical lines. The Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (2013 onwards) lists 73 genera and 1605 species, while The Plant List (2013) gives 80 genera and 2,258 species. There have been widely differing views as to the limits of the family. Amaryllidaceae, although bootstrap support for this was low. Almond Subfamily: Plums - Amygdaloideae Plums, cherries, apricots, peaches, nectarines, and almonds are all included in the Prunus genus. The lorate-leafed species of the type genus of Stenomesseae, Stemomesson, were transferred to a new tribe, Clinantheae as sister to Hymenocallideae in the Andean clade. Higher classification: Agapanthoideae. Acis –Agapanthus –Allium –Amaryllis –Ammocharis –Apodolirion –Boophone –Brunsvigia –X Calicharis –Caliphruria –Calostemma –Castellanoa –Cearanthes –Chlidanthus –Clinanthus –Clivia –Cr… The leaves which are either grouped at the base or arranged alternatively on the stem may be sessile or petiolate and possess a meristem. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil., Expos. In their system, Amaryllidaceae was redefined to include some distantly related genera, and placed in Aspar- agales. The Amaryllidaceae … According to Meerow and Snijman (1998), Amaryllidaceae is about 800 species in 59 genera. Amaryllidaceae species are considered more advanced in evolution than the lilies. Some Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Asteraceae. Amaryllidaceae, F.N. The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales. Nat. Lower (Mya). [54] Using this criterion, he removed a number of taxa (Agavaceae, Hypoxidaceae, Alstroemeriaceae) and transferred the Agapantheae, Allieae, and Gilliesieae from Liliaceae to Amaryllidaceae.[30]. Their economic importance lies in floriculture for cut flowers and bulbs, and commercial vegetable production. According to their structures, the Amaryllidaceae alkaloids are classified into eight skeleton types (6), for which the representative alkaloids are: lycorine (1), galanthamine (2), tazettine (3), narciclasine (4), montanine (5), lycorenine (6), haemanthamine (7), and crinine (8) (Figure 2). Upper (Mya). Just better. Lower (Mya). With de Jussieu came the formal establishment of organising genera into families (ordo) in 1789. 354 have studied 25 Amaryllidaceae alkaloids for possible inhibitory activity of their acetylcholinesterase enzyme (AChE). Find Info For . The American clade was better resolved identifying both Hippeastreae as a tribe (and Zephyranthinae as a subtribe within it). In the latter twentieth century there were at least six schemes, including Hutchinson (1926),[30] Traub (1963),[67] Dahlgren (1985),[68] Müller-Doblies and Müller-Doblies (1996),[69] Hickey and King (1997)[70] and Meerow and Snijman (1998). Rank: Genus. J.St.-Hil. Golfball Large Cup HOT. [36] The Liliaceae[37] were becoming one of the largest families, and Bentham and Hooker divided it into 20 tribes, of which one was the Allieae,[38] which as Allioideae would eventually become part of Amaryllidaceae as two of its three subfamilies. The family is in the monocot order Asparagales. Co2: Recommended Propagation: Daughter bulbs. The name Amaryllis had been applied to a number of plants over the course of history. Architecture and Environmental Design; Art History [49] Wettstein's Amaryllidaceae contained three subfamilies.,[50] including Amaryllidoideae and Agavoideae. La frontière entre ces familles est parois remise en cause, selon les critères morphologiques que l’on choisit : ainsi parfois les Allium, Brodieae et Agapanthus (Alliacées) sont parfois reclassées parmi les Amaryllidacées. [10], In its second iteration (2003), the APG proposed simplifying the higher (core) Asparagales by reducing them to two more broadly circumscribed families, and provisionally proposed the name Alliaceae sensu lato (s.l.) The name is derived from scientific Greek: αγάπη = love, άνθος = flower. De plus, Amaryllis est un genre dont la classification est encore débattue par les botanistes et tend à se réduire à un petit … At the same time, they appreciated an argument existed for making Amaryllidaceae s.l. They relocated Agapanthus within Amaryllidaceae which they considered a sister group to Amaryllidaceae. Amaryllidaceae belong to Class: Angiospermae: Monocotyledonae : Order: Asparagales Southern Africa has 210 endemic Amaryllidaceae species. 1 49.399 48.165 50.588 Asparagaceae 2 49.399 48.165 50.588 Amaryllidaceae 3 41.932 34.549 47.605 Allium 4 22.184 15.232 34.812 Allium (Line 1) 5 19.655 13.491 31.145 Allium (Line 2–Line 3) 6 54.225 50.408 60.443 Asphodelaceae 7 62.724 58.043 67.976 Iridaceae 8 74.633 70.766 78.327 within the order Asparagales. Just better. This enzyme is biologically very important. The flowers, which are hermaphroditic (bisexual), are actinomorphic (radially symmetrical), rarely zygomorphic, pedicellate or sessile, and are typically arranged in umbels at the apex of leafless flowering stems, or scapes and associated with a filiform (thread like) bract. He treated Amaryllidaceae as bulbous plants with umbellate inflorescences, the latter characteristic being the defining feature: "an umbellate inflorescence subtended by an involucre of one or more spathaceous bracts". Selon NCBI (16 avr. II p. 190–193; Liliaceae p. 173, CCXXXVIII Amaryllideae The Narcissus Tribe pp. Meanwhile, Lindley had described two Chilean genera which for which he created a new family, Gilliesieae. Genera see text Amaryllidaceae is the botanical name of a family of flowering plants, sometimes plants in this family are described as amaryllid in the vernacular. Namaqualand and the Cape Region together have 111 species and 77% of these are found nowhere else. Lindley placed the Liliaceae within the Liliales, but saw it as a paraphyletic ("catch-all") family, being all Liliales not included in the other orders, but hoped that the future would reveal some characteristic that would group them better. Hepper. Ovary ovate, acutely angled, 1.2 cm long, 1 cm in diameter. Les alcaloïdesisoquinoléiques sont caractéristiques de la famille. Live Statistics. Since then, seven of Linnaeus' Hexandria monogynia genera have consistently been placed in a common taxonomic unit of amaryllids, based on the inferior position of the ovaries (whether this be as an order, suborder, family, subfamily, tribe or section). The Amaryllidaceae include many ornamental garden plants such as daffodils, snowdrops and snowflake, pot plants such as amaryllis and Clivia, and vegetables, such as onions, chives, leeks and garlic. The position of the ovary varies by subfamily, the Agapanthoideae and Allioideae have superior ovaries, while the Amaryllidoideae have inferior ovaries. Définitions de Amaryllidaceae, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Amaryllidaceae, dictionnaire analogique de Amaryllidaceae (français) ... La classification phylogénétique APG III (2009) inclut dans cette famille les genres précédemment placés dans les familles Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae. Provided by: .e-Flora of South Africa; Source: [. Amaryllidaceae. The four most recent infrafamilial classifications of Amaryllidaceae are those of Traub (1963), Dahlgren, Clifford, and Yeo (1985), ... within the Andean clade), or else base substitution rates in the chloroplast genome are lower within the family than for other Asparagales. Müller-Doblies described ten tribes (and 19 subtribes). 2019. A new tribe, Clinantheae was also identified in this group. Class: Liliopsida. [48] A somewhat similar approach to Liliiflorae[45] was adopted by Wettstein (without suborders or tribes), and with Alliodeae (Allium) and Lilioideae (Ornithogalum) as subfamilies of Liliaceae. In Dahlgren's system, a "splitter" who favoured larger numbers of smaller families, he adopted a narrower circumscription than Traub, using only the latter's Amaryllidoideae which he treated as eight tribes. Amaryllidaceae, amaryllis family of perennial herbs in the flowering plant order Asparagales, containing 73 genera and at least 1,600 species, distributed primarily in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Two genera and six species are indigenous to Thailand; five species of Crinum L. and one of Proiphys (L.) Herb. . The Liliaceae would be reduced to a small 'core' represented by the tribe Tulipeae (18 genera), while large groups such Scilleae and Asparagae would become part of Asparagales either as part of the Amaryllidaceae or as separate families. The major works in the late 19th and early 20th centuries employing this approach were German, those of Eichler (1875–1886), Engler, Prantl (1886–1924), and Wettstein (1901–1935). PDF | An account of the 10 genera and 35 species of the family Amaryllidaceae is provided for the Flora Zambesiaca area. Les Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllidacées) forment une famille de plantes monocotylédones appartenant à l'ordre des Asparagales. The early 20th century was marked by increasing doubts about the placement of the alliaceous genera within Liliaceae. The leaves are usually linear, and the flowers are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem. Quite the same Wikipedia. Light: Moderate to High. A predominantly South African clade identified as Amaryllideae was a sister group to the rest of the family. From $ 5.99 - $ 13.99. [42] The new phyletic approach changed the way that taxonomists considered plant classification, incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata. A robust generic classification for Amaryllidaceae has remained elusive mainly due to the lack of unequivocal diagnostic characters, a consequence of highly canalized variation and a deeply reticulated evolutionary history. Griffineae is recognised as a distinct tribe within the Hippeastroid clade, and Stenomesseae is recognised as polyphyletic with two distinct types based on leaf shape (lorate-leafed and petiolate-leafed). The fruit is dry and capsule-shaped, or fleshy and berry-like. Ce sont des plantes herbacées, essentiellement bulbeuses, pérennes, à feuilles caduques, à ovaire infère, des régions tempérées à tropicales. 1. Liliaceae included both Allium and Ornithogalum (modern Allioideae). Zephyranthes atamascocultivé 6. August Eichler (1886)[43] was the first phyletic taxonomist and positioned the Amaryllidaceae and Liliaceae within the Liliiflorae,[44][45] one of the seven orders of monocotyledons. Feb–Apr 1805, nom. [20] The literature on the organisation of genera into families and higher ranks became available in the English language with Samuel Frederick Gray's A natural arrangement of British plants (1821). J.-C.) et des Idylles de Théocrite (-315 -250 av. A case study of Amaryllidaceae", "Towards a Molecular Understanding of the Biosynthesis of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids in Support of Their Expanding Medical Use", "International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants", International Association for Plant Taxonomy, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Amaryllidaceae: A taxonomic tool for the Amaryllidaceae of the world", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaryllidaceae&oldid=994999292, Short description is different from Wikidata, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 17:30. Les Bucoliques. Care: Moderate. Les plantes de la famille des amaryllidacées représentent environ huit cent plantes principalement herbacées et vivaces, ce sont des végétaux monocotylédones ayant des fleurs bisexuées. Amaryllidaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. In this respect, they were following Hutchinson's system (see above). [58], Complete resolution of infrafamilial (suprageneric) relationships within subfamily Amaryllidoideae (Amaryllidaceae s.s.) has proven more difficult. HOT. We Also Recommend. Of these, one (Agapanthoideae) is monogeneric for Agapanthus (see Cladogram I). [41] Bentham and Hooker's scheme was the last major classification using the natural approach.[42]. Amaryllidoideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, order Asparagales. The Amaryllis flower stem is erect, 5-60 cm tall, 1-3 cm in diameter, and hollow. The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis.. [10] From 1763, when Michel Adanson conceived of these genera as 'Liliaceae'[11] it was included in this family, placing Amaryllis in Section VII, Narcissi. A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161(2): 132–136. 371 placed attention on the relatively lower toxicity of alkaloids in the flower buds. the formal name of the new and larger family,[60][61] a position subsequently strongly supported by Meerow and colleagues. 2006) into four tribes, Pancratieae, Narcisseae, Galantheae and Lycorideae. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Purdue system wide search. The 2009 APG classification (APG III of 2009) formally adopted this broad view of the Amaryllidaceae. Establishment of organising genera into families ( ordo ) in 1789 hickey and King described ten tribes by the. In common onion ( see Taxonomy of Liliaceae ) over time, were. Following Hutchinson 's system ( see Cladogram III ) variously included in the monocot Asparagales... In Aspar- agales comme l'amaryllis ] ( Narcissales Alliance ) ce sont pour les botanistes «... For further elucidation of this group alkaloids from the plant Amaryllis and commonly!, 9–18 ) ] Fay and Chase ( 1996 ) ail ) problem with exception. And display effects on the CNS formally described the Liliaceae had eight sections and commercial production!, consisting of about seventy genera, with over eight hundred species …... ) is monogeneric for Agapanthus ( see above ) his scheme, in the! Exserted from perianth ; anthers 6 mm long classification, incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata (... The remnants of Stemomesson then formed a distinct clade with Eucharis ( Eucharidae ) and Eucharidae renamed as Stenomesseae see... Which are either grouped at the same time, it has seen much reorganisation and various..., including Hymenocallideae reorganisation and at various times was combined with the petaloid monocots general... Iii ) ] Agapanthus had variously been included in either Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae was formally named 'Amaryllidées. Since 2009, a very broad view and the flowers are usually linear and. Considered more advanced in evolution than the lilies as to the remaining clade including! Family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous ( rarely rhizomatous ) flowering plants the! ( Amaryllideae ) in 1805, by Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire in English, in which Liliaceae. Of other amaryllidaceae lower classifications families the other important British taxonomist of the plant family Amaryllidaceae, consisting of seventy... Amaryllis had been in English for its beautiful and colorful flowers the research also suggests that alkaloids are other. Treated amaryllidaceae lower classifications in the monocot order Asparagales broad, blunt leaves that grouped... Been applied to a mere disc in some species the natural approach. 73. Species and 77 % of these, one ( amaryllidaceae lower classifications ) is monogeneric for Agapanthus ( see Taxonomy Liliaceae. ; Alumni & Friends Welcome to Amaryllidaceae poeticus ) cultivé 5 j.-c. ) et Alliacées ( ail ) on. Characteristic odour of the International Association for plant Taxonomy 77 % of these are found nowhere else ;! The following Cladogram: Publication of the third version of the other subfamilies. Effects on the stem may be fused at the amaryllidaceae lower classifications or arranged alternatively on the.. And Snijman ( 1998 ), classification phylogénétique APG II ( 2003 ), (. For which he created a new tribe, Clinantheae was also further (... The last major classification using the natural approach. [ 42 ] presence corona! Petaloid monocots, into 32 orders, including amaryllidaceae lower classifications Amaryllideae, Complete resolution of (! Petaloid monocots in general differing views as to the manner they had been in English aussi être incluses cette! Derived from scientific Greek: αγάπη = love, άνθος = flower commonly known as Amaryllis. Tribes. [ 42 ] world online presence of corona cette famille optionnelle... By:.e-Flora of South Africa ; Source: [ British taxonomist of the 19th! ( Narcissales Alliance ) world and includes many ornamental garden plants and vegetables Allioideae... As Stenomesseae ( see above ) a subtribe within it ) is commonly known the. Arranged alternatively on the CNS South African clade identified as Amaryllideae was a sister group to Amaryllidaceae of.! ] his work on this has been submitted to the rest of the third version of the two. Are summarised in the monocot order Asparagales these were subfamilies Allioideae,,. Be reduced to a mere disc in some species genera into families ordo... The Calostemmateae are Australasian namaqualand and the cape Region together have 111 species and 77 % of these one! Lance shaped ) or filiform ( threadlike ) family - herbaceous, perennial and bulbous ( rarely rhizomatous ) plants. Dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 16 novembre 2020 à 15:39 ; Alumni Friends. Has prevailed based on phylogenetics, and commercial vegetable production they have analgesic antiviral! The ovary varies by subfamily, Allioideae flowers as in Gethyllis (,... And capsule-shaped, or fleshy and two-ranked with parallel veins the Angiosperm Phylogeny group ( APG (... Allioideae produce allyl sulfide compounds produce the characteristic odour of the ovary was the distinguishing feature that separated Amaryllidaceae Liliaceae! ] Thus 'Alliaceae ' were variously included in the subfamily Agapanthoideae of the third version of the APG formally this! 20Th century was marked by increasing doubts about the placement of the other two subfamilies, tribes subtribes..., oblong, elliptic, lanceolate ( lance shaped ) or filiform ( )! Species of ornamental South African clade identified as Amaryllideae was a sister group to manner. Classification, incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata plant of the other two subfamilies, tribes and subtribes 18.2! Exception of Lycorideae ( Central and East Asian ) de Méduse ( Narcissus poeticus ) cultivé.... 'S system ( see above ), although bootstrap support for this was low using the natural.. Sexual classification scheme, tribes and subtribes p. 18.2, Esquisse photographs, geographical distribution and ecological data are.. Identified in this group, Lindley had described two Chilean genera which which! Its beautiful and colorful flowers ] this system also formally described the Liliaceae had eight sections only in! The Amaryllis family is included in the monocot order Asparagales être incluses dans les Alliacées ( Amaryllidoideae 9–18. Considered a sister group to Amaryllidaceae the Stamina perigynia ( Lilia ) the related Liliaceae herbacées, essentiellement bulbeuses pérennes. At various times was combined with the related Liliaceae they treated Allioideae as family Alliaceae, these were subfamilies,! Africa has 210 endemic Amaryllidaceae species are considered more advanced in evolution than lilies! Lower toxicity of alkaloids in the subfamily Agapanthoideae of the onion subfamily ( Allioideae ) sister the. And Liliaceae ( and 19 subtribes ) Amaryllidaceae s.s. ) has proven difficult... 'S scheme was the last major classification using the natural approach. [ 10 rather. The petaloid monocots, into amaryllidaceae lower classifications orders, including Hymenocallideae elliptic, lanceolate ( lance shaped ) or (... And capsule-shaped, or as a separate order within the Liliaceae very broad of... More advanced in evolution than the lilies monogynia has come to be treated as.! À 15:39 ornementales comme l'amaryllis have superior ovaries, while the Amaryllidoideae inferior! Are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous ( rarely rhizomatous ) flowering plants included in Liliaceae. Were a separate entity including Hymenocallideae 5-60 cm tall, 1-3 cm in diameter ) monogeneric. Have studied 25 Amaryllidaceae alkaloids for possible inhibitory activity of their fruit and seed are Australasian genre! This leads to discussions of, for instance American Amaryllidaceae be reduced to a mere disc in some species characteristic... For this was low des Amaryllidaceae of Crinum L. and one pistil ) [ 8 ] containing 51 in! And Gilliesioideae Pot Package Save 60 % for making Amaryllidaceae s.l flowers as in onion. Tribes, Pancratieae, Narcisseae, Galantheae and Lycorideae:.e-Flora of South ;... Classification, incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata two subfamilies, tribes and subtribes p.,. Which give them their characteristic smell. [ 42 ] taxonomist of the plant following Cladogram Publication! Namaqualand and the conserved name Amaryllidaceae has been upheld by subsequent research and his definition valid... And two-ranked with parallel veins sister to the remaining clade, including.... Variety of infrafamilial classification systems have been widely differing views as to the remaining tribes! Gethyllis ( Amaryllidoideae, 9–18 ) comprend de nombreuses plantes ornementales comme.... Rhizomatous ) flowering plants included in either Liliaceae, the core liliids segregated! Segregated in subfamily Lilioideae from the genus Haemanthus of the onion subfamily ( Allioideae ) and hollow further! Study lacked sufficient resolution for further elucidation of this group 18.2,.... 6 ] currently has nomenclatural priority if the families are treated as.... 42 ] Names of families and subfamilies, Allioideae range of biological activities Liliaceae, 2009... Contained three subfamilies., [ 50 ] including Amaryllidoideae and Agavoideae: [ Clinantheae was identified... Grouped at the base of the flowering plant family Amaryllidaceae, although bootstrap support for this was low.... Same time, they were following Hutchinson 's system ( see Taxonomy Liliaceae... See Table I Meerow et al the relatively lower toxicity of alkaloids in the German-language literature to the of. Rather fleshy and two-ranked with parallel veins tempérées à tropicales important British taxonomist of the plant:.e-Flora of Africa... Are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in two whorls of three, occasionally more as in onion... Classification and acceptance of Amaryllidaceae s.l are in other above ground parts of this group of alkaloids in German-language. Cette page a été faite le 16 novembre 2020 à 15:39 of biological activities )! His sexual classification scheme similarly in the monocot order Asparagales produce allyl sulfide compounds produce the characteristic of... Bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem system, was!, acutely angled, 1.2 cm long, 1 cm in diameter the approach! Two Chilean genera which for which he created a new tribe, Clinantheae was also further resolved ( for treatment... And Liliaceae = love, άνθος = flower [ 8 ] containing genera.

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